Yorkie Breed Info

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Yorkie Breed Info, Looks, History & Traits
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Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breed

Aliases: Yorkies

Life Span: from 12- 15 years.
Litter Size: up to five puppies in a litter.
Group: Toy, Terrier
Recognized By: CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR
Color: Blue and Tan. Yorkshire puppies are born black and tan, gradually attaining their blue and tan coloration as they mature.
Hair Length: Long
Size: Toy/Small
Shedding: Does Not Shed
Male Height: usually 8 inches or under.
Male Weight: can range up to 7 lbs.
Female Height: 7 inches or under.
Female Weight: can range up to 7 lbs
Living Area: The Yorkshire can adapt easily to most situations, making it a popular pet for families with children, single people, senior citizens, and just about anyone. They do great as apartment dogs, or enjoy the outdoors of a yard also. They are by no means outdoor dogs and need to be kept inside when not under supervision due to their size.

Description

The Yorkie's long, glossy coat goes all the way to the ground and requires daily brushing. The hair on its head is usually tied up or parted down the middle all the way to the tail flowing straight and evenly on both sides. It has steal blue on the body and tail but tan everywhere else. There maybe be an almost gold color around the face. The head is small and somewhat flat. The muzzle isn't very long with a black nose. Eyes are medium sized and dark in color. The ears are small, V-shaped and carried erect. They are not too far apart, covered with short hair, and very deep in color usually a rich tan. The mouth is either a scissor or level bite. The neck has good reach while the body is compact with a level back. The tail is customarily docked to medium length with plenty of hair. The legs are straight and well covered in hair of rich golden tans ending a few shades lighter at the roots. The hair on the body is moderately long, and perfectly straight no waves. It has a glossy, silky texture. The hair on head and muzzle grow long to meet the length of the body. Some owners if not showing their Yorkie will keep the head trimmed.

Coat Description

The Yorkie's coat is mostly seen long and silky with a steal bluish and tan color. Often the hair on top of the head is worn up with bows to keep it out of their eyes. It is non-shedding and good alternative for people with allergies.true

Temperament

Although the Yorkshire Terrier is a small toy breed best know for his beautiful silky coat and spunky character, there are a lot of great things that make this breed so popular. The Yorkie is a fearless watchdog. They have a great sense of hearing and can usually hear someone coming long before they get to the door. The Yorkshire seems unaware of his small size. They are devoted to their owners. Most will prefer to share your bed if you allow. Full of energy they can keep up with kids. Because of their small size they might need more supervision with smaller children. They are eager to play and get into any trouble they might find. They have a mind of their own and this feisty, sweet little dog doesn't like to do anything he makes up his mind not to do! Even though is breed categorized as a toy there is still a lot of terrier left in them. They like to be busy, inquisitive, and bold. They can be aggressive towards animals so it is always a good idea to introduce with caution. While a toy, and at various times a greatly pampered one, the Yorkshire is a spirited dog that definitely shows its inner personality.

Grooming

The positive part of a Yorkie's hair is that they do not shed. Although Yorkie puppies do not need much grooming at first it is a good idea to start young so they can become accustomed to it. It may take up to 6 months for the Yorkie puppies to grow long hair and as it is groomed it becomes a silky, straighter hair. It can take a lot of time to brush and groom this breed. If you are not showing this them there are various pet trims available for Yorkshires. It is not uncommon for the Yorkie to be sporting a Westie trim. This is the same trim that is very common for the West Highland White Terrier. To keep the coat smooth and clean you need to brush them almost daily. On the upside they don't need to be cut as often as some other toy breeds such as the Poodle. If showing a Yorkshire Terriers it is a good idea to keep the coat oiled. The oil keeps the hair coated and protected, and also prevents matting. Groomers can suggest what might work best on your individual dog. Probably the main concern for maintaining a Yorkie's coat is keeping it from getting matted. When bathing it is important to use a conditioner or at least a moisturizing shampoo made for dogs. You should plan on bathing around once a week but this really just depends on the environment in which they are kept. Companion Yorkies often wear their coats shorter for easier up keeping.

Training

Yorkshire Terriers are very intelligent, but they can also be a little stubborn. Keeping the training happy and fun it a great way to get through to the Yorkies. They may tend to get bored and it is important to make it a fun, positive experience for them. One way to teaching your Yorkie new tricks is by holding a small treat in your hand. Treats and lots of praise tend to work well with Yorkies. It also helps to have a good sense of humor because they will try to "outsmart" you. If starting with a puppy, Puppy Kindergarten is a great way to go. Not only does this help them to learn new things but also owners might learn the best ways to deal with their dog's individual personalities. Also another positive of Puppy Kindergarten is the social aspect. This teaches your new puppy at a very young age how to socialize with other dogs. This will help them in the future to be less aggressive towards new dogs or environments.

Because these dogs love to run and play it is important to keep them on a leash or within a closed off area where they cannot escape. Because of the popularity of this breed the chances of having them returned if lost is decreased. It is also a great idea to have them micro chipped for extra safety.

Exercise

Yorkies are adventurous little dogs. They do not require a lot of exercise but do enjoy going on walks. The need plenty of attention and playtime is a great way to exercise these small dogs. They love room to run but might need to stay in a restrained area with so many hazards available to such a tiny animal. Being such a popular breed it is best to always keep these dogs within sight. A lot of dog owners have toy breeds that never get them returned if lost or stolen. It is always a good idea to keep various toys around for them to play with. They will mostly enjoy any game that interacts with their owners.




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Knowing What an Ideal Yorkshire Terrier Looks Like


Adapted From: Yorkshire Terriers For Dummies

The first Yorkshire terriers were brought to the United States in the early 1870s, and they came as parlor dogs — companions to the wealthy families that were so keen on them. Their popularity slowly grew and then skyrocketed in the 1950s. Over the past few decades, Yorkies have ranked among the most popular dogs in the United States and the United Kingdom.

General appearance

Yorkies have a certain look. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the general appearance of the ideal Yorkie includes the following traits:

  • A long, blue and tan coat that hangs straight and parts down the middle: Much of the breed standard relates to the condition, quality, and presentation of the coat.
  • Compact and well-proportioned stature: Size and body structure matter. The breed standard stipulates that Yorkies must not be over 7 pounds and, on average, adult Yorkies fall between a petite 5–7 pounds. (Remember, however, that some Yorkies are smaller and some are larger.) In terms of body structure, everything should be in proportion and just, well, fit.
    Want to know about how much your Yorkie pup will weigh when he's full grown? Take his weight at three months and double it. If your 3-month-old Yorkie weighs 3 pounds, he'll weigh close to 6 pounds as an adult. A 4-pound 3-month-old will weigh about 8 pounds, and a 14-pound 3-month-old probably ain't a Yorkie at all.
  • Self-assured manner and carriage: As terriers, Yorkies have a lot of spunk, confidence, and intelligence — traits that are no more evident than when they move across a room in sassy little steps with their heads held high. You often see this demeanor in dog shows (see Figure 1).

©Isabelle Francais
Figure 1: The self-assurance (some would say self-importance) of the breed is evident in this dog's demeanor.

Few, if any Yorkies, actually meet all the standards of the breed. And a 14-pound Yorkie with a silver coat and a floppy ear is as wonderful a companion as the pint-sized prizewinner with the erect ears and dark steel blue silky coat.

Part specifics

After the general description of the breed, the breed standard outlines what the specific body parts should look like (see Figure 2).


Figure 2: Highlights of the Yorkshire Terrier breed standard.

If you plan to show your Yorkie, get a hold of the actual breed standards from the AKC or the kennel club that sponsors the show you're competing in.

Head

The Yorkie's head is small and slightly flat on top. The skull isn't too round, and the muzzle isn't too long. The teeth should be good, and the dog shouldn't have an underbite or a pronounced overbite. The nose is black, the eyes are dark, sparkly, and intelligent, and the ears are small, V-shaped, pointed, and erect.

Body

The body should be well proportioned and very compact, with a relatively short, level back (that is, a back that doesn't slope too much from the shoulders to the rump, or one that doesn't look humped back).

Legs, feet, and tail

The front legs (forelegs) are straight; the hind legs are straight when seen from behind, but the stifles (the upper thighs) of the hind legs are slightly bent when seen from the side. Yorkies' feet are round and have black toenails (think Yorkie Goth).

The tail is docked (cropped short) and carried slightly higher than the level of the back. (In the United Kingdom, Yorkie tail docking is neither required nor recommended.)

Coat

To meet the breed standard, you should keep your Yorkie's hair long, as shown in Figure 3. Of course, if you don't plan to show your dog and don't want the hassle of grooming even a moderately long coat, you can keep your Yorkie in a puppy cut (a short-coat style that many people prefer for convenience). Remember, though, that the long hair is a hallmark of the breed's appearance.


©Isabelle Francais
Figure 3:This show-quality coat is pleasing to the eye, soft to the touch, and time-consuming to maintain.

Like human hair, Yorkie hair just keeps growing. In fact, a Yorkie's coat can grow long enough to drag on the ground. If you don't wrap up your Yorkie's hair, it'll break off and stay at a length about even with the ground.

Wrapping is a task for those owners who are serious about creating a show-quality coat. To wrap, you need latex bands, wax-paper squares (or some other appropriate paper, like rice paper or bakery tissue), and a comb.

Texture is also important. Yorkies' coats should be silky and hang straight down each side of their bodies. The straighter the hair hangs, the better.

In addition, Yorkies have one long, straight part that extends the length of their bodies, starting at the base of their skulls and going all the way back to the tips of their ever-wagging tails. Have you ever tried getting a straight part on a pencil-thin wagging tail? Fortunately, when you keep the coat long, the part usually falls into place.

Colors

Although Yorkie pups are born black and tan, their color changes as they mature. The ideal coat color for adult Yorkies is blue (actually a deep, steel gray; no silver, black, or bronze mixed in) and tan. The AKC also recognizes black instead of blue and gold instead of tan. Bottom line? Your Yorkie can be any of these color combinations: blue and gold, blue and tan, black and gold, and black and tan.

Not only are these colors the only accepted colors, but they also must appear in the accepted places:

  • On the body: Blue or black from the back of the neck to the tip of the tail.
  • On the head: Golden tan or gold on the fall, with a richer tan/gold on the ears and muzzle.
  • On the chest and legs: Tan or gold on the chest. On the legs, the tan/gold should go no higher than the elbow on the front legs and the stifle on the hind legs.





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